Neurofeedback training is a unique approach to address brainwave imbalance and is based on conditioning the brain by rewarding an individual for inhibiting certain brain waves and increasing others. An audio or visual stimulus, (like a video game or a movie) is used for reinforcement in most neurofeedback training.
Certain frequencies of brain waves are inhibitory (they put on the brakes), while others are excitatory (they push on the gas pedal). This means that stimulation of certain brain wave bands are associated with a state of over-arousal and symptoms such as hyperactivity, anxiety and feelings of agitation. Brain waves associated with a state of under-arousal are correlated with symptoms of poor concentration, spacing out and day dreaming.
The goal of neurofeedback is to transform a dysregulated brainwave imbalance into a more normal and balanced pattern. Over time, the brain becomes more stable and more efficient. This is possible because of neuroplasticity, which is the brain’s ability to create new neural pathways.
Neurofeedback is completely non-invasive and is considered safe by the Food and Drug Administration. Published research demonstrates that neurofeedback may be helpful in managing conditions such as ADHD, headaches, anxiety, insomnia, chronic pain and post stroke syndrome.1-4
- Jensen MP, Grierson C, Tracy-Smith V, Bacigalupi S & Siegfried O.(2007) Neurofeedback Treatment for Pain Associated with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type I, Journal of Neurotherapy, 11:1, 45-53.
- LiewA. EEG BIOFEEDBACK THERAPY FOR ADHD: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry 2014;
- Marzbani H, Marateb HR, Mansourian M. Neurofeedback: A Comprehensive Review on System Design, Methodology and Clinical Applications. Basic Clin Neurosci. 2016 Apr;7(2):143-58.
- Nestoriuc, Y., Martin, A., Rief, W. et al.Biofeedback Treatment for Headache Disorders: A Comprehensive Efficacy Review. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 33, 125–140 (2008).